Stroke: What You Need to Know

You’ve most likely heard the term “stroke” and may even know people who suffered from a stroke, but how much do you really know about stroke? Do you know risk factors, warning signs and what to do in the event of a stroke?

Saturday, Oct. 29 is World Stroke Day, and to help you learn about stroke, we’ve included the basics to help you take preventive measures, and understand what to do if you or someone you know is experiencing a stroke.

About Stroke
Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted, either by a blood clot that blocks one of the vital blood vessels in the brain (ischemic stroke) or a blood vessel bursts spilling blood into surrounding tissues (hemorrhagic stroke). Even a brief interruption in blood supply can cause problems as brain cells begin to die after just a few minutes without blood or oxygen.

Risk Factors in Both Women and Men
While some risk factors cannot be changed, like age, others can be changed. Reduce your chances of stroke by improving the factors you can change.

  • Being inactive
  • Older age
  • Previous heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
  • Being overweight
  • Having an unhealthy diet (e.g. high in fat, cholesterol and sugar; low in fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and olive oil)
  • Smoking
  • Metabolic syndrome – a group of findings and lab test results that increase the chance of stroke, heart attack and diabetes

Warning Signs and Course of Action
Learn from Eric Aldrich, M.D, medical director of the Stroke Center and director of Inpatient Neurological Services at Howard County General Hospital, on how to use F.A.S.T. to detect warning signs, and what to do if you think you or someone you know is experiencing a stroke.