Pregnancy Series, Part Two: What to Expect in the Early Stage of Pregnancy

After learning you’re pregnant you’ll likely find yourself feeling excited and joyful while at the same time feeling overwhelmed with learning how to have a healthy pregnancy and the changes that are occurring in your body.

Watch Francisco Rojas, M.D., gynecology and obstetrics physician at Howard County General Hospital, briefly describe what you can expect during pregnancy including doctor visits, ultrasounds and health screenings.

Changes to Your Body
During pregnancy, your body experiences many changes that help nourish and protect your baby. In the first trimester, you can expect the following changes and symptoms.

  • Breasts swell and become tender as the mammary glands enlarge, in preparation for breast feeding. A supportive bra should be worn.
  • Areolas enlarge and darken, and veins on the surface of your breasts become more noticeable.
  • As the uterus grows and it presses on the bladder, causing frequent urination, and rectum and intestines, causing constipation.
  • Mood swings, similar to premenstrual syndrome, are partly due to surges in hormones.
  • Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting, occurs from increased levels of hormones to sustain the pregnancy. Though, nausea and vomiting do not only happen in the morning and rarely interfere with proper nutrition.
  • Heartburn, indigestion, constipation and gas may be experienced as muscular contractions in the intestines, which help to move food through the digestive tract, are slowed due to high levels of progesterone.
  • Clothes may feel tighter around the breasts and waist, as the size of the stomach begins to increase to accommodate the growing fetus.
  • Extreme tiredness is likely to be felt because of the physical and emotional demands of pregnancy.
  • An increased pulse rate occurs because cardiac volume increases by about 40 to 50 percent from the beginning to the end of the pregnancy. The increase in blood volume is needed for extra blood flow to the uterus.

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